Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most usual sources of knee pain and normally affects patients aged above 50 years. The disease is a deteriorating condition characterized by the gradual wearing away of the joint cartilage. Excessive weight is often the cause of Knee arthritis. It may also occur because of trauma to the knee, a meniscus tear, ligament injury, and fractures to the bone or a genetic tendency. Degenerative variations in the joint may also be occurring because of rheumatoid arthritis, a systemic inflammatory form of arthritis.
The most usual symptoms of knee arthritis are:
1. Pain occurring from activity
2. Decreased range of movements
3. Swelling and Joint stiffness
4. A wobbly feeling that the joint may “give out”
There are various treatment possibilities for knee arthritis. Each patient is different and some will respond to particular treatments better than others. It is normally best to initiate with the most conventional treatments.
Weight loss – Perhaps the most significant treatment choice is weight loss. Painful joints will be less delicate if the joint has less weight to carry.
Modification in the activities – It may be essential to limit certain actions to avoid putting pressure on a painful knee. If exercise is triggering pain, learning new exercise approaches, like aquatic exercise, may be advantageous
Physical Therapy – Physical therapy is a vital way of treatment for the majority of orthopedic conditions and mainly for knee problems. A physical therapy program can decrease pain, add more strength, reinstate joint mobility and function and aid patients return to their normal life.
Anti-Inflammatory Medication – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines are often prescribed to decrease pain and inflammation from arthritis besides bursitis and tendonitis.
Cortisone Injection – Cortisone is an effective medication that may be used to treat inflammation and knee pain.
Viscosupplementation– A composition of hyaluronic acid that is injected into the knee to help lubricate the joint and relieve pain
Total Knee Replacement Surgery – If conventional treatments are not effective and the patient has great trouble with modest activities such as walking or climbing stairs, at that point total knee replacement may be the right choice. In this method, the cartilage and bone surface is dislodged and resurfaced with a metal and plastic implant.
Orthopedic surgeons are continuously working to develop new procedures to improve joint replacement surgery. New marginally invasive and minor incision operating procedures are being developed for total joint replacement. As less tissue is cut, these procedures may allow for faster, less painful recovery and a more speedy return to activities.
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