The frozen shoulder also known as adhesive capsulitis, a is a typical condition that leads to stiffness and a loss of joint mobility. Frozen shoulder causes the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint to contract and form scar tissue. Women between the age of 40 and 60 years are most commonly affected by this condition.
A frozen shoulder often occurs for no apparent reason. Some patients develop a frozen shoulder subsequent to a traumatic injury to the shoulder, but this is not the typical cause. Patients with diabetes are more prone to developing this condition.
Frozen shoulder affects 10%-20% of people with diabetes. But it may not have any direct causes linked to it. However, other reasons may include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson’s disease, heart disease, and if the shoulder has been immobilized for a long period of time.
A dull aching pain and a reduced range of motion are experienced by most patients with frozen shoulder. Normal daily activities like brushing hair and dressing and even sleeping on the same side as the affected shoulder can also be painful.
The primary means to treat frozen shoulder include Exercise and stretching the shoulder. Physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medicines, and cortisone injections may also be prescribed. Maximum cases of frozen shoulder are fixed non-operatively. But, if the problem is not resolved, surgery may be suggested. The surgeon may perform an arthroscopic capsular release to break up the adhesions. The surgery is an outpatient technique and can be performed under local or general anesthesia. Physical therapy subsequent to surgery is vital in order to regain maximum mobility.