The foot has more than 30 different joints. It’s really a wonder that not everyone doesn’t suffer from some sort of heel pain when you consider the tons of stress your feet endure from walking and standing day in and day out, which is the most common problem affecting the foot and ankle.
Feet are physiologically designed to handle the stress… to an extent. Recurrent pounding on a hard surface while running or while playing another sport, or wearing floppy shoes that inflame the foot’s tissues can cause pain on the bottom of your heel or behind it, for example. Arthritis arising out of years of wear and tear, or perhaps from gout, (a build-up of uric acid in the small bones of the feet), can also be the reason behind heel pain.
1. Plantar fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis arises when there is excessive pressure on your feet injuring the plantar fascia ligament, causing pain and stiffness. Let us understand what causes this condition and possible treatment options available.
2. Sprains and strains: Sprains and strains are damages to the body, often arising out of any specific physical activity. These injuries are typical and can range from minor to severe, reliant on the incident.
3. A fracture is a broken bone: Urgent care may be required as This condition is considered as a medical emergency.
4. Achilles tendonitis: Achilles tendonitis arises when the tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heel develops pain or inflammation due to injuries from excessive use.
5. Bursae are fluid-filled sacs found about your joints. They occupy the place where tendons, skin, and muscle tissues meet bones.
6. Ankylosing spondylitis: This form of arthritis mainly disturbs your spine. It causes severe inflammation of the vertebrae that might sooner or later lead to chronic pain and disability.
These ailments directly disturb the growth of bones in children and teenagers.
7. Reactive arthritis: Is a kind of infection in the body that triggers this is a type of arthritis.
If you develop pain in your heel area, you may initially try few home medications, such as rest, to reduce your symptoms. If your heel pain doesn’t get better within two to three weeks, you should see your doctor. If you experience any of the following then consider calling your doctor immediately :
1. Your pain is relentless.
2. The pain starts abruptly.
3. Traces of visible redness in your heel.
4. Swelling in your heel.
5. Pain in your heel is not allowing you to walk
Most people recuperate with conventional treatments within months. These Treatment options include:
1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce pain and swelling.
2. Corticosteroid injections could work if NSAIDs are not yielding, but these should be administered with care, as long-term use can have adverse effects.
3. Physical therapy can impart workouts that stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon and reinforce the lower leg muscles, resulting in better stabilization of the ankle and heel.
4. Athletic taping provides the bottom of the foot improved support.
5. Orthotics, or assistive devices, and insoles can aid correct foot irregularities and cushion and support the arch in the healing process.
Extra-corporeal shock wave therapy directs sound waves at the distressed area to boost curing. This is only suggested for long-term cases that have not responded to conventional therapy.