Osteoarthritis of the hip typically occurs in adults aged 45 and older, when the cartilage that cushions the joint breaks down and eventually wears away, which is known as degenerative or “wear and tear” arthritis. Characterized by pain and stiffness, severe cases can be intensely debilitating.
Arthritis often occurs in individuals who have a family history of the ailment and occasionally develops due to subtle anomalies in how the hip developed at an early age. Hip arthritis is more prevalent in patients who are overweight. Other aspects that may contribute comprise of trauma to the hip and fractures in the bone but many get hip arthritis who have no risk factors.
1. Pain that bursts with activity and diminishes with rest
2. Stiffness in the hip area and reduced range of motion
3. Uneasiness and stiffness in the groin, buttock or thigh, predominantly in the morning
4. Walking with a limp
5. Knee pain attributed to the hip
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune ailment in which the soft coating of tissue that lines the joint called the synovial membrane turn out to be inflamed and thickened. Meant to lubricate the joint, the thickened synovium damages the cartilage, causing pain and stiffness.
Early non-surgical treatment can be effective at decreasing pain and disability and be decelerating the advancement of the ailment. Surgery may be considered if the condition is severe.
Weight Loss –Weight loss can have a very positive impact In overweight patients. The less weight the hip joint must bear, the healthier the hip will feel.
Rest and Activity Modification – Restraining certain activities may be essential and learning new exercise approaches can help with mobility and flexibility.
Walking Aids – The use of a cane, crutch or walker will decrease the stress on the arthritic joint.
Physical Therapy – Strengthening of the muscles around the hip joint can help reduce the stress on the hip. Keeping the muscles mobile and flexible is significant in sustaining hip function. Physical therapy that comprises of gentle, regular exercise like swimming, water aerobics or cycling may be advantageous.
Anti-Inflammatory Medications – Prescription or nonprescription anti-inflammatory pain medications (NSAIDs) are normally used to treat pain and inflammation.