The shoulder rotator cuff is formed of four muscles and their tendons that regulate the function of the shoulder that joins the upper arm bone (humerus) with the shoulder blade (scapula). The rotator cuff holds the ball of the humerus firmly into the shoulder socket and, laterally with the deltoid muscle, aids to raise the arm.
A tear in the rotator cuff is the disengagement of the tendons in the joint from the bone. It is not a rare injury and occurs in people of all age groups. However, it typically occurs in individuals over 40 who involve in recurrent overhead activities from sports, work or daily life activities. As people get older, the muscle and tendon tissue become less elastic, making them more vulnerable to injury. A traumatic damage to the shoulder may also cause a tear.
Widespread pain in the shoulder is the most usual signs of a rotator cuff tear. This is often more severe at night. Depending on the severity of the damage, a loss of motion and stability in the shoulder can also are the outcome.
If the tear is slight, treatment may comprise physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medicines, and a cortisone injection. If the tear is substantial, surgery is often recommended.
Due to the most recent surgical advances, restoring a torn rotator cuff is more frequently performed arthroscopically through numerous tiny incisions. The surgeon works with tiny devices including a miniaturized camera while observing at the inside of the shoulder on a television monitor.
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