If hip pain is impacting normal daily functioning and if conventional treatments fail to bring relief, total hip replacement surgery (arthroplasty) may be suggested.
Hip replacement operation may be an option if:
1. Simple daily activities such as walking or bending are getting affected
2. Hip pain is substantial and can prevent your sleep
3. Stiffness in a hip and or groin restricts movement
4. Anti-inflammatory drugs are not working
5. Pain reducing medicines are not tolerated
6. Other treatments including physical therapy are no longer helpful
The surgery is most often performed under sectional anesthesia. The surgeon takes away damaged cartilage and bone, then places new metal, plastic or ceramic joint surfaces to rebuild the joint.
An artificial joint is containing two basic components: the ball (made of a vastly polished strong metal or ceramic material) and the socket (a durable cup of plastic, ceramic or metal). Special surgical cement is normally used to shield the artificial joint in place.
In a few instances in younger, more active patients, a non-cemented form of the prosthesis is placed. This prosthesis is designed so that the bone will grow into and assimilates with the porous surface of the implant. In some cases, a blend of a cemented ball and a non-cemented socket is used.